Pedestrian Safety


At some point in the day, everyone is a pedestrian, and unfortunately pedestrian fatalities remain high. There was a more than 3% increase in the number of pedestrians killed in traffic crashes in 2018, totaling 6,283 deaths 鈥 the most deaths since 1990. 新英体育在线直播 raises awareness of the dangers to pedestrians by providing safety tips, educational material and other resources. Find out how to protect yourself and your loved ones when walking, and learn how you can help us prevent pedestrian injuries and deaths.

The Topic


Everyone Is a Pedestrian

88 On average, a pedestrian was killed every 88 minutes in traffic crashes in 2017.

Everyone has different preferences when it comes to transportation, but at one time or another everyone is a pedestrian. Unfortunately, there was a more than 3% increase in the number of pedestrians killed in traffic crashes in 2018, totaling 6,283 deaths. 

Traffic Safety Facts

Whether you鈥檙e a concerned resident, a parent or a caregiver, you want to do everything you can to make sure you, your loved ones and your neighbors can enjoy walking safely in your community. The resources below will help you do just that. We offer pedestrians of all ages guidance on maintaining safety while enjoying the benefits of walking.

Walking Safely

Related Topic

Know the Basics鈥擯edestrian Safety

10 Walking Safety Tips

  1. Be predictable. Follow the rules of the road and obey signs and signals.
  2. Walk on sidewalks whenever they are available.
  3. If there is no sidewalk, walk facing traffic and as far from traffic as possible.
  4. Keep alert at all times; don鈥檛 be distracted by electronic devices that take your eyes (and ears) off the road.
  5. Whenever possible, cross streets at crosswalks or intersections, where drivers expect pedestrians. Look for cars in all directions, including those turning left or right.
  6. If a crosswalk or intersection is not available, locate a well-lit area where you have the best view of traffic. Wait for a gap in traffic that allows enough time to cross safely; continue watching for traffic as you cross.
  7. Never assume a driver sees you. Make eye contact with drivers as they approach to make sure you are seen.
  8. Be visible at all times. Wear bright clothing during the day, and wear reflective materials or use a flashlight at night.
  9. Watch for cars entering or exiting driveways, or backing up in parking lots.
  10. Avoid alcohol and drugs when walking; they impair your abilities and your judgment.
    Driving Safely

    Related Topic

    9 Driving Safety Tips

    1. Look out for pedestrians everywhere, at all times. Safety is a shared responsibility.
    2. Use extra caution when driving in hard-to-see conditions, such as nighttime or bad weather.
    3. Slow down and be prepared to stop when turning or otherwise entering a crosswalk.
    4. Yield to pedestrians in crosswalks and stop well back from the cross-walk to give other vehicles an opportunity to see the crossing pedestrians so they can stop too.
    5. Never pass vehicles stopped at a crosswalk. There may be people crossing that you can鈥檛 see.
    6. Never drive under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs.
    7. Follow the speed limit, especially around people on the street.
    8. Follow slower speed limits in school zones and in neighborhoods where children are present.
    9. Be extra cautious when backing up鈥攑edestrians can move into your path.

    Finding and Creating Walkable Communities

    • Want to improve the walkability of your neighborhood? Learn from the examples of other communities working to improve pedestrian safety.
    • Walkability Checklist 鈥 English (PDF, 237.66 KB) | Spanish (PDF, 879.65 KB) | Asian Languages
      How walkable is your community? Take a walk with your child and find out for yourselves.

    Keeping Your Kids Safe While They Walk

    Walking Safely and Staying Fit as You Age


    Pedestrian Bystander Care

    The Topic

    Safety Advocates

    If you're an advocate of pedestrian safety, or perhaps you work on a State or local pedestrian program, our curriculum and resources will equip you with the tools and information you need to effectively promote pedestrian safety.

    • Pocket guide containing pathway accessibility and livability concepts for communities to consider (from Easter Seals).

    • Introduction and instructions on using a checklist to assess the accessibility of a transit route, including the path of travel (from Easter Seals).
    • Child Pedestrian Safety Curriculum
      Lesson plans, assessment guides, and student response forms to teach and encourage pedestrian safety to children in kindergarten through 5th grade.
    • ESL Teacher's Guide and Student Workbook: Walk and Bike Safely
      ESL guide and workbook to teach and encourage pedestrian and bike safety to adult immigrant students who are beginning English language learners.

    • Guide and checklist to help you find your way in your community (from Easter Seals).

    • Interactive training package for children in elementary through high school to develop skills for safe walking.
    • Pedestrian Safety Workshop: A Focus on Older Adults (PDF, 3.54 MB) and Instructor Guide (PDF, 3.54 MB)
      Presentation and guide for teaching older adults what they can do to increase their safety as pedestrians during this three-hour workshop.
    • Tips for Preteens & Teens: Prevent Pedestrian Crashes (PDF, 3.30 MB)
      Walking around traffic requires the same critical thinking skills as riding your bike and driving a car. Apply the same walking skills you learned as a kid: stop, look left-right-left for traffic and be safe, be seen. Use these skills when you walk, and encourage others to do the same.
    •  (PDF, 803.25 KB)
      Of the 5,987 pedestrian traffic fatalities, 245 (4%) were children in 2016.
    • (PDF, 573.55 KB)
      5,987 pedestrians died in traffic crashes in 2016, a 9% increase from the number reported in 2015.
    • Walkability Checklist 鈥 English (PDF, 237.66 KB) | Spanish (PDF, 879.65 KB) | Asian Languages
      Criteria to help you decide whether a neighborhood is a friendly place to walk.

    Visit pedestrian web pages for additional information.

    新英体育在线直播 In Action

    新英体育在线直播 is dedicated to promoting safe behaviors on our nation鈥檚 roads

    In 2018, there were 6,283 pedestrians killed in traffic crashes, up from 5,977 the year before. 新英体育在线直播鈥檚 pedestrian safety programs focus on the behaviors of pedestrians and motorists to reduce injuries and fatalities on our nation鈥檚 roadways. 

    新英体育在线直播 demonstrates its dedication to promoting safe pedestrian and motorist behavior through our educational material, leadership and expertise to communities across America. We also conduct public awareness campaigns, such as , raising awareness of the dangers to pedestrians.

    Please join us in reducing traffic safety risks to pedestrians and promoting programs and countermeasures to save the lives of all road users on our Nation's roadways. 


    Pedestrian Safety Officials

    • 新英体育在线直播 supports FHWA's Focused Approach to Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety. The approach looks at cities and States with large numbers of pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities. 新英体育在线直播 has worked with designated focus cities and States to implement enforcement and educational strategies that complement infrastructure applications to reduce pedestrian and bicyclist injuries and fatalities. 
    • (PDF 5.14 MB)
      Guide for developing and implementing a pedestrian safety action plan tailored to the problems and needs of State and local agencies.
    • Pedestrian Safety Program Management Course
      This two-day course provides a comprehensive approach to managing pedestrian safety programs.
    • Pedestrian Safety Program Technical Assessment
      Find out how your State highway safety or emergency medical services program can benefit from 新英体育在线直播's technical assessment.
    • Pedestrian Safety Training for Law Enforcement
      Order this CD-ROM to receive computer-based training in pedestrian safety, followed by a certificate of completion.

    • An expert tool to help diagnose and address pedestrian safety problems.

    • Proven pedestrian safety countermeasures: median refuges, road diets, and hawk hybrid signals.

    Search for more resources

    110 Results